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Genovesa Island  
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Santiago Galapagos Island





Located to the north-west of Santa Cruz Island and is famous for its earlier human use, such as attempts to mine salt and its natural resources; a flamingo lagoon, lava flows at Sullivan Bay and fur seal grottos, to name a few.

James Bay is the most visited point on the west side of the island for its salt crater (Puerto Egas), Sugarloaf Volcano (450 m), fur seal grottos and Espumilla Beach with its flamingo lagoon. On the east side of Santiago you will visit Sullivan Bay famous for its conical volcano and for the study of various types of lava rock, some of which is as young as 90 years.

Named after Hector Egas, the owner of an ill-fated salt-mining company during the 1960s, Puerto Egas carves out a corner of James Bay, on the western end of the lava coated island of Santiago. Like many commercial ventures in the Galapagos, this attempt (and its predecessor in the 1 920s) to extract a profitable mineral from the salt lake crater immediately beyond the shiny volcanic fields that make up the coast at Puerto Egas was doomed to failure. Today, a few roads and the remains of abandoned buildings serve as reminders of these abortive efforts.

Most visitors to this area of James Bay come to see the shoreline south of Puerto Egas, with its striated yellow, brown, and black cliffs of tuff stone, or hardened volcanic ash, which has also been eroded, molded, and polished by the sea into coves and elaborately patterned rocky beaches. Hikers on the coastal trail may be privileged to spot whales or dolphins cruising by offshore or a feeding frenzy of hundreds of boobies or pelicans attacking a school of fish. At the end of the trail is a magnificent lava-walled grotto whose shady crevices shelter a small group of fur seals.

Perhaps the single dominant feature of the Puerto Egas / James Bay region is a volcanic cone called Sugarloaf, which rises almost 1,300 feet. Formed as the result of the explosive interaction of hot molten rock and cool seawater, this tuft cone and its 700-foot neighbor to the south produced the sandy layers of volcanic ash visible in the nearby cliffs. To the north and east is a large lava flow (noted by Charles Darwin in his journals in 1835), in which fragments of ceramic pots stashed by buccaneers and dated 1684 were later found establishing an age bracket for this volcanic activity.

The landscape surrounding James Bay is harsh, covered primarily by a sparse forest of polo Santa trees, which is threatened by the large population of feral goats on the island who have consumed all but the most unpalatable and heavily armored of native vegetation. The land is consequently turning into an open savannah. and a herd of coats moving across the island calls to mind wildlife on the plains of East Africa. The National Parks Department hopes to remove most of the goats, but without adequate funds for doing so on this relatively large islands, temporary measures, such as fencing off some areas of native plant life, must suffice.

Guayaquil - Ecuador - South America
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